ICT Workforce in Europe

 

Crowded Street2
3.7% of the European Labour Force, or more than eight million workers in the EU, are ICT professionals according to a definition developed in the e-skills VISION project and which is based on job classifications used in the Labour Force Surveys.The share of ICT workers in the workforce can go up to 6% in some countries like Sweden and Finland while it remains at levels around 2% in Greece, Lithuania, Portugal and Romania.Of these ICT professionals, one in six is holding a highly skilled Management and / or Business Architecture level skills position.

Have a look to see in which country, economic sector or company size the ICT workforce is working in Europe today.

ICT Workforce development 2000 – 2014

The ICT workforce in Europe has been growing over the past decades and will continue to grow in the future. There has been a steady increase in the number of ICT practitioners in the workforce. And there is no indication that this trend will change. The annual growth of ICT employment has remained very robust throughout the crisis so far (Please see the note about comparability underneath).
The bottom line remains that ICT practitioner has been a very secure job and the labour market absorbs all graduates even through the crisis.

Have a look and find out more about the development of the ICT workforce in European countries over the past decade.

Select or deselect countries by clicking the buttons on the bottom of the graph. Move the cursor over the graph to see the corresponding numbers.

Table of ICT Workforce Development per Country in Europe

200020012002200320042005200620072008201020112014
Europe (EU)2,702,8883,146,8833,159,2473,200,8903,225,0913,536,0053,714,2003,803,4973,925,5314,136,1748,058,5008,928,752
Austria56,42162,64670,13669,38158,42266,57866,67167,37074,05777,194153,000157,575
Belgium60,45070,29475,44764,62482,72981,38785,80695,62691,283116,197201,000201,468
Bulgaria12,79614,18211,80514,13718,06020,82523,44627,83229,49327,06778,00091,157
Croatia0000000000045,816
Cyprus2,0632,8812,0712,8662,9433,1873,2614,2634,0003,4159,5009,895
Czech Republic69,44479,83186,33984,36769,26678,71187,57096,296110,805121,585215,500228,495
Denmark63,45658,49465,78473,95770,22266,87474,84676,08385,42485,753125,500135,861
Estonia3,8044,6778,7165,3233,7034,8976,9917,8948,96610,05228,00032,835
Finland46,67551,68657,18961,94360,77965,21667,01770,66370,97168,503146,000162,442
France369,241436,278441,737428,618428,115485,020487,619454,253472,001500,144932,000968,171
Germany552,087614,857586,725609,874596,061667,591671,200688,163718,698782,7631,373,0001,534,055
Greece14,94114,36719,39418,85123,09423,99123,96627,48725,02232,44373,00065,733
Hungary34,85743,72848,28355,70154,99051,71261,63858,07460,65261,918163,500200,401
Ireland20,45322,34625,52925,11225,28724,12524,97823,76325,11028,56081,00093,564
Italy193,129231,917262,197272,051297,076306,668341,668347,190370,775372,597738,000783,021
Latvia9,5716,9857,67810,66912,01313,65113,37414,19114,19713,72226,50025,594
Lithunia8,8475,8534,1216,37011,5767,3388,3319,48912,17313,02627,50030,173
Luxembourg2,7753,7883,1613,1043,8723,9463,9064,1345,9936,77911,00016,910
Malta003,0091,8312,3452,7402,1762,7862,7122,6659,5008,713
Netherlands248,975256,313251,954264,413254,568263,400248,879251,057266,844264,709339,000434,889
Poland103,590120,597123,233122,618111,990146,391172,746195,548195,911206,029490,000517,625
Portugal32,46943,59946,75745,96142,86251,28957,72761,85351,81854,320108,000143,281
Romania0000038,54556,05762,05363,99764,690202,000237,577
Slovakia20,93024,08324,82723,92425,68535,36643,82849,14742,60141,383129,000103,198
Slovenia10,4019,16912,30114,91614,53115,55118,85618,27318,07718,68142,00043,331
Spain158,973181,605184,610174,710207,298247,967285,639303,058300,055315,223604,000608,814
Sweden135,180148,622145,536132,707130,613141,827145,389152,650161,022172,840272,000296,954
United Kingdom471,360638,084590,710612,861616,993621,212630,616634,299642,876673,9161,481,0001,751,203

Note that the sudden leap between the 2010 and 2011 numbers is due to the use of a broader the definition of the ICT workforce. For the years missing in the graph and the table numbers were not available.

ICT Workforce in Europe 2014 per Category

Select or deselect categories by clicking the buttons on the bottom of the graph. Move the cursor over the graph to see the corresponding numbers.

Table of ICT Workforce Europe 2014 per Category per Country

Management Architecture and AnalysisCore ICT professionals Other ICT professionalsCore ICT techniciansOther ICT techniciansICT manual workers and mechanics
Austria31,11655,8547,81622,21022,39118,188
Belgium66,86958,59212,51021,46917,62124,406
Bulgaria16,14623,3827,16614,03214,17916,252
Croatia5,26213,8061,65113,3964,9806,720
Cyprus1,6473,1108741,0541,0102,199
Czech Republic19,04055,74911,15052,49733,18356,876
Denmark28,19651,4595,62925,27919,1516,148
Estonia6,10110,8291,8563,4122,1718,466
Finland48,98037,32727,14017,62712,78218,587
France174,859328,94465,00996,771216,51886,071
Germany420,881422,32381,943153,486118,466336,956
Greece10,51411,51311,0819,6159,34913,660
Hungary9,41343,13330,22231,47513,64472,514
Ireland14,35935,7334,50114,2684,65920,044
Italy84,486125,34437,872255,617142,588137,114
Latvia7,0939,3174443,9762,5782,187
Lithunia6,01410,3402,2856385,5085,388
Luxembourg4,9357,4101,0071,4591,349750
Malta1,1452,0602751,1481,6272,459
Netherlands166,889158,52016,99036,09541,04615,348
Poland62,895197,47630,04244,86876,456105,889
Portugal20,98738,27012,80728,44820,94921,821
Romania24,93327,96232,71028,11721,789102,066
Slovakia5,67626,6363,70814,27313,90139,004
Slovenia5,66611,3153,1663,4873,85315,844
Spain76,070118,31652,881160,83090,713110,004
Sweden85,73974,58521,11144,64336,18334,693
United Kingdom417,083750,845130,995192,363146,246113,671

Though the categories in the statistics changed in the mean time, one can pick up some trends by comparing these numbers with those in 2011.

Select or deselect categories by clicking the buttons on the bottom of the graph. Move the cursor over the graph to see the corresponding numbers.

Table of ICT Workforce per Category per Country in Europe in 2011

Management and Business Architecture LevelCore ICT PractitionersOther ICT Technicians ICT Mechanics and Manual Workers
Austria25,00078,00028,00022,000
Belgium39,000108,00021,00033,000
Bulgaria15,00035,00011,00017,000
Cyprus2,0004,0001,0002,500
Czech Republic9,500126,00028,00052,000
Denmark22,00076,00018,0009,500
Estonia2,50014,0003,0008,500
Finland29,00086,00011,00020,000
France96,000500,000245,00091,000
Germany305,000677,000165,000226,000
Greece9,00038,00013,00013,000
Hungary6,50070,00012,00075,000
Ireland11,00048,0002,00020,000
Italy65,000410,00091,000172,000
Latvia6,00016,0002,5002,000
Lithunia4,50013,0004,5005,500
Luxembourg2,0006,5001,5001,000
Malta1,5004,0001,0003,000
Netherlands128,000155,00033,00023,000
Poland51,000221,00091,000127,000
Portugal10,00056,00020,00022,000
Romania21,00082,00019,00080,000
Slovakia9,00041,00035,00044,000
Slovenia7,50017,0004,50013,000
Spain74,000323,00075,000132,000
Sweden87,000119,00029,00037,000
United Kingdom383,000918,00041,000139,000

ICT Workforce in Europe 2011 per Country

The total number of ICT workers in the 27 EU countries amounted in 2011 to 8,058,000 or 3,7% of the total workforce.

Select or deselect countries by clicking the buttons on the bottom of the graph. Move the cursor over the graph to see the corresponding numbers.

Table of ICT Workforce per Country in Europe in 2011

Number
Austria154,000
Belgium202,000
Bulgaria78,000
Cyprus9,500
Czech Republic216,000
Denmark124,000
Estonia28,000
Finland145,000
France931,000
Germany1,373,000
Greece73,000
Hungary163,000
Ireland82,000
Italy738,000
Latvia26,000
Lithunia28,000
Luxembourg11,000
Malta9,500
Netherlands339,000
Poland489,000
Portugal109,000
Romania202,000
Slovakia129,000
Slovenia41,000
Spain605,000
Sweden272,000
United Kingdom1,481,000

Percentage ICT Workers per Country

Select or deselect countries by clicking the buttons on the bottom of the graph. Move the cursor over the graph to see the corresponding numbers.

Table of Percent of ICT Workers in Workforce per Country in Europe in 2011

Percent
Europe (EU)3.70%
Austria3.70%
Belgium4.50%
Bulgaria2.70%
Cyprus2.50%
Czech Republic4.40%
Denmark4.60%
Estonia4.70%
Finland5.90%
France3.60%
Germany3.50%
Greece1.80%
Hungary4.30%
Ireland4.50%
Italy3.20%
Latvia2.80%
Lithunia2.00%
Luxembourg4.80%
Malta5.60%
Netherlands4.10%
Poland3.10%
Portugal2.20%
Romania2.20%
Slovakia5.50%
Slovenia4.40%
Spain3.30%
Sweden5.90%
United Kingdom5.10%

ICT professionals per sector

The majority of ICT practitioners are working across the whole industry and in almost all sectors of the economy, and not just in the ICT industry sector, and it appears reasonable to assume that almost full employment of this occupational group in Europe exists. A third of the ICT professionals are working in the ICT and telecommunications sector (33.5%), more than a fifth (22.4%) in the manufacturing sector followed by the other services sector (11.1%) and the public sector 10.2%). The share of ICT professionals as percent of the workers in the sectors ranges from 42% in ICT and telecommunications, 6% in the financial industry and 4.5% in manufacturing to a low 1.6% in the public sector.

Table of ICT Professionals per Sector in Europe in 2012

ICT Professionals as Percent of all Workers per Sector in Europe in 2011Percentage of all ICT professionals per Sector in Europe in 2011
Construction2.70%5.90%
Financial industry6.10%4.90%
ICT including telecommunication42.10%33.50%
Manufacturing. mining. utilities4.50%22.40%
Other Services2.40%11.10%
Public sector1.60%10.20%
Retail & Wholesale1.90%7.00%
Transport logistics. publishing and broadcasting3.60%5.00%
Total4.00%100.00%

Note: these percentages are based on 2008 data using a definition of ICT professional comparable but notidentical with the definition used in 2011 which includes management and business architecture level skills, other ICT technicians skills and ICT mechanics and manual workers.

Source: empirica calculations based on an LFS data retrieval done by Eurostat.

Note: empirica calculations based on an LFS data retrieval done by Eurostat. The data for 2011 are averages of Q1 and Q2 data 2011 and ISCO08 -based definitions. The data for the period 2000-2010 represent ISCO-88 data. In 2011, the classification system changed to ISCO-08. Therefore 2011 totals are not comparable to earlier years. The total can to some extent be compared but is not identical with the “core” skills definition shown in the first table for 2011. Data for other groups such as Management and Business Architecture level skills are not available for 2000 – 2010.